What does it say?
The fifth and final offering appears (Lev 5-6:7). This is the trespass or guilt offering, overlapping in many ways with the previous sin offering. Basically, the sin offering treats sin against God while the trespass offering treats guilt of sin committed against others.
God instructs the priests how to carry out these offerings (Lev 6:8 ff). This discussion continues, reviewing the same basic five offerings (Lev 7).
What does it mean?
Review: The first three offerings – burnt, grain and peace – are voluntary and emit a pleasant aroma. The last two – sin and trespass – are obligatory upon sinning and carry an unpleasant aroma. Not only do the sin and trespass offerings overlap, there is a degree of overlap among all five, because they all picture the ONE offering of Christ on the cross (Heb 10:9-14).
In this review, the order of the offerings changes. Initially, they illustrated the work of redemption from God toward people. Now, the priests offer them in different order to illustrate our response to God’s redemption.
As the burnt offering represents Christ’s all for us, it also represents our all given for him. The sin and trespass offerings demonstrate Christ’s death and resurrection, the price paid for our sin against God and others. Likewise, Christ’s finished work enables us to confess our sins to God and be cleansed. The peace offering points to Christ our peace, and it also applies the ministry of reconciliation we have as his followers. The grain offering showing Christ’s works of obedience to his Father also is our service to him on the basis of our fellowship with him.
Jesus Christ was God in human form, come to earth on the mission of redemption and restoration of God’s creation that he might forever receive all honor and glory. These offerings simply represent the breadth and depth of his sacrifice. To those of us who are his followers, he commissions us to join him on this mission.
How will I respond?
Jesus Christ was totally consumed by the mission. Have I given my all to him and the mission? Which of the five sacrifices speaks most to something I must give to him? Do I stand before him on the basis of his finished work? Have I applied the sin offering to my life? Is there a relationship that I need to reconcile in the power of his grace? Do I commit today to serve him in a specific way? How do I engage today in leading someone into God’s peace?